The beginning of September is not just about the coming of autumn; for many, it means the start of a new school year. As August comes to a close, Belarusian schoolchildren return from holidays away at summer camps, dachas or their grandmothers’ homes in the countryside, and families set about preparing for the new academic year. By Sept. 1, children have to be ready to hit the ground running – pencils need to be sharpened, schoolbags purchased, and new school shoes polished.
On 1 September 1984, the Supreme Council of the USSR officially designated the first of September as the official ‘Day of Knowledge’. Like all holidays, this one has its own traditions. On this day, schools put on a special celebration to mark the start of the year – teachers and pupils assemble to listen to songs and poetry; congratulatory and inspirational speeches are given by the schools’ head teachers and, sometimes, by members of the local administration. It has become traditional for top politicians, including Belarusian president , to take part in the new-term assemblies at the country’s most prestigious schools.
Flowers are an integral part of the celebrations, as well. Flowers are traditionally given to teacher. At the end of the ceremony, a girl in the first grade will sit atop the
shoulders of a boy in his senior year (aged 17-18). This little girl is then given a bell, which she will ring loudly as she is carried past a crowd of spectators. Ringing this
bell officially starts the new school year.
After pupils have gathered and have been introduced to the teachers, most schools then hold open lessons for guests and parents. Sept. 1 is not a full school day and children can return home once the celebrations have finished. However, on the following day the school routine starts in earnest and parents return to school only for parent-teacher meetings.
Getting a child ready for school can cost parents between $345-530, depending on their age.
Most of the time in Belarus children of all ages will remain at the same school throughout their academic career, from first to eleventh grade, with children from the ages of 6/7 to 18 all studying in the same building. Kids spend four years at elementary school, five years in junior high school, and two years in senior high school. At the moment, a new curriculum is being developed in Belarus. It is hoped that the new program will give pupils more time to learn core subjects, so that they can then concentrate on professional skills in their senior years.
Children need new schoolbags, pencil cases, pens and pencils, along with exercise books, textbooks and other stationary. In addition, parents need to budget for new clothes, a couple of pairs of shoes, sports gear, and sometimes even skis for P.E lessons in the winter.
All schools in Belarus insist on pupils wearing a uniform. Uniforms might save money in the long run, but many kids and their parents are against the idea because it is seen as stifling individuality. Most of the time, pupils are allowed to dress as they want.
Another thing that parents bear in mind when calculating costs is school meals: in many schools, breakfast and lunch fees need to be paid. Parents have to pay a lump sum each month or children can choose to buy something to eat each day in the school canteen. For this reason, schoolchildren are often given pocket money from quite a young age.